NGC 4494

NGC 4494

NGC 4494

NGC 4494 is an elliptical galaxy located in the constellation Coma Berenices. It is located at a distance of circa 45 million light years from Earth, which, given its apparent dimensions, means that NGC 4494 is about 60,000 light years across. It was discovered by William Herschel in 1785.

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The galaxy hosts a supermassive black hole with estimated mass 26.9 ± 20.4 millions M⊙, based on velocity dispersion. A nuclear dust ring has been detected in NGC 4494, based on observations by the Hubble Space Telescope. It has semimajor axis 0.6 arcseconds, which corresponds to 60 parsec at the distance of NGC 4494.

Its ring is symmetric, implying that the dust has settled in this galaxy, after the galaxy merger with a relatively gas rich galaxy that led to its creation. The core of NGC 4494 is kinematically decoupled, as with many elliptical galaxies, probably a result of a galaxy merger.

NGC 4494 belongs to the NGC 4565 group, named after the spiral galaxy NGC 4565. Other members of the group are NGC 4525, NGC 4562, NGC 4570, NGC 4725 and NGC 4747.  NGC 4494 is also a member of the Coma I Group which is part of the Virgo Supercluster.

li 657 NGC4494Personal Notes

Observation Log Information
Log Index:657

Keywords: NGC 4494, 110 Finest NGCs, Coma Berenices, galaxy

February 11, 2024
Roger Nelson

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